The goal of COVAX is to deliver two billion vaccine doses around the world by the end of 2021, with health-care workers prioritized initially, followed by the most vulnerable 20% of people in every participating country, regardless of income level.
The energy watchdog forecast global consumption of petroleum and liquid fuels will average 91.7 million barrels per day for all of 2020, a reduction in its previous forecast of 200,000 bpd and down 8.4 million bpd from 2019's 100.1 million bpd level.
Even if a vaccine or vaccines become available before the end of 2020, it still may take until the end of 2021 before the world can return to a state of normal that resembles where we were prior to COVID.
The silver lining of the COVID-19 outbreak might be the accelerated adoption of a new approach by competition regulators globally to competitor collaborations aimed at meeting the challenge of climate change and achieving the UN SDGs by 2030.
To take a global energy system that relies on fossil fuels for around 80% of primary energy down to net-zero by approximately 2050, a fundamental transformation at speed and scale will be required, including by China, the United States, Europe, and others.
Thanks to conventional farming practices, nearly half of the most productive soil has disappeared in the world in the last 150 years, threatening crop yields and contributing to nutrient pollution, dead zones and erosion.
The first hydrogen trains have been tested in Europe and regular services are scheduled to start from 2022 in Germany, and the world's first hydrogen fuel cell cruise ship should be completed by 2023.